Vaccination and Preventative Care

Pet grooming

Vaccination & Preventative Care

Here at Forest Creek Animal Hospital we care for all the pets that come to us. We want to give them the best possible chance for a long and healthy life. We do this by creating a plan for disease prevention, which can keep them healthy and strong for a lifetime. We design this plan based on the type of pet, your needs, and lifestyle. The following are our general recommendations for cats and dogs.

All pets should have a full examination at least annually. For some, more frequent visits may be appropriate. The frequency of visits and diagnostic recommendations are decided upon based on the patient’s life stage and individual needs.

Preventative Care Recommendations For Cats

Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, and Panluekopenia (Distemper Vaccine)

Begin vaccinations at 8 weeks of age then revaccinate every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age. A booster vaccination should be given one year later, and vaccinate every three (3) years thereafter.

Rhinotracheitis and calicivirus are responsible for causing respiratory disease in our feline patients. Clinical signs can include watery to mucoid discharge from the eyes and nose, inflamed eyes, and fever. Pneumonia can develop in more severe cases. These conditions are transmitted via droplets in the air from coughing or sneezing, nose to nose contact, and sharing bowls.

Panleukopenia is a viral intestinal disease causing vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy fever, and loss of appetite.

Rabies Vaccine

Regular vaccination for Rabies is a legal requirement in Texas. The first vaccination is given no earlier than 12 weeks of age and boostered annually thereafter.

Rabies is a virus that attacks nerve tissue and is transmitted through bite wounds and contact with infected saliva.

Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV)/Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) Test

FeLV and FIV are 2 common viruses in cats. Infection occurs via transmission from mother to kitten (FeLV) or via exposure to an infected cat (FeLV and FIV). These viruses interfere with the function of the immune system leaving the pet unable to fight off other infections.

Testing should be performed on all new cats entering the home and all kittens. Testing should be repeated in 1-2 months if the kitten is younger than 9 weeks of age at first testing.

Feline Leukemia Vaccine

All kittens should be vaccinated for FeLV with two boosters given 2-4 weeks apart. Frequency of vaccination in adult cats is determined on a case-by-case basis after an evaluation of patient lifestyle and assessment for risk of infection.

Preventative Care Recommendations For Dogs

Heartworm Disease Testing and prevention

Canine heartworm disease is transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito. Adult heartworms reside in the right side of the heart and arteries of the lungs causing lung disease and heart failure. Infected dogs develop a persistent cough, exercise intolerance and fatigue. This disease can be fatal if untreated.

Due to the prevalence of mosquitoes year-round in Central Texas it is recommended to have your pet tested annually for heartworm disease and to maintain them on a monthly heartworm preventative throughout the year. 

Distemper, Adenovirus Type 2, Parvovirus

Begin vaccinations at 8 weeks of age then booster every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age. Booster vaccine 1 year later then vaccinate every 3 years.

Canine distemper virus causes diarrhea, fever, respiratory disease, seizures, muscle twitches, and discharge from eyes and nose. While this disease is not common it is still seen in unvaccinated dogs, especially those from shelters, and puppies.

Adenovirus Type 2 (hepatitis)

This virus is common in young and unvaccinated dogs. It attacks organs throughout the dogs' body causing fever, respiratory disease, enlarged lymph nodes and abdominal pain.

Parvovirus

Infected individuals have severe intestinal problems including bloody diarrhea and vomiting causing rapid dehydration and depression.

Leptospirosis Vaccine

Recommended vaccination is at 12 weeks of age then a booster vaccine 3-4 weeks later. Annual vaccination thereafter to maintain immunity.

Leptospirosis is a bacterium affecting the liver and kidneys. It is transmitted through contact with the urine of wildlife and is prevalent in Central Texas. This organism is zoonotic meaning it is transmissible to humans.

Rabies Vaccine

Regular vaccination for Rabies is a legal requirement in Texas. The first vaccination is given no earlier than 12 weeks of age, boostered one year later, then given every 3 years.

Rabies is a virus that attacks nerve tissue and is transmitted through bite wounds and contact with infected saliva.

Bordetella, Parainfluenza Vaccine

First dose is given at 8 weeks of age, then every 6 months. This vaccination is recommended for all dogs but especially those who are to be boarded or groomed on a regular basis.

Bordetella is the principle organism involved with kennel cough. Transmission occurs when dogs are housed in close proximity as in a boarding facility or grooming parlor. It causes a dry, hacking cough that can persist for days to weeks. 

Parainfluenza virus causes respiratory disease and is one of the organisms implicated in kennel cough. While infection is not generally life-threatening, pneumonia can develop.

Canine Influenza Vaccine

Influenza is another respiratory disease of dogs . Clinical signs are similar to those seen with kennel cough initially but can progress to pneumonia in severe cases. This vaccine is recommended for "at risk" dogs that are boarded or groomed regularly as well as those that visit dog parks.

Two initial doses are given 2-3 weeks apart with annual revaccination for continued protection.
Call Forest Creek Animal Hospital at 512-238-7387 to schedule an appointment. We've been serving the Round Rock, TX area for over 15 years.
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